Diabetes type l is a chronic disease that appears in childhood,
in this disease the pancreas becomes not able to produce insulin hormone or produce it in small amounts in the bloodstream.
The pancreas secretes insulin hormone in the blood, that can help glucose particles to enter the biological cells to produce energy for body functions.
Because of genetic factors or other different factors,
the pancreas becomes unable to secrete insulin hormone in the blood, then insulin levels decrease in the circulation, causing an increase in blood glucose level rising Diabetes type I.
symptoms of Diabetes type I:
fatigue and weakness.
high rate of hunger.
Causes of Diabetes type I:
The pancreas cells which are called ( islets of Langerhans), secrete insulin hormone in the bloodstream, it allows sugar particles to enter the cells and produce energy needed for body functions.
In this disease, pancreas cells become unable to secrete insulin hormone, due to some genetic or immune factors.
When the body is exposed to bacterial or viral infection, the immune system produces immune cells that can mistakenly destroy the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas,
causing a decrease in insulin levels in the bloodstream and increase in blood glucose level causing Diabetes type I.
Some genetic and other environmental factors may be a risk factor for this disease.
Risk factors of Diabetes type I:
immunological factors: caused by some immune cells that can destroy the pancreatic cells.
Treatment and prevention of Diabetes type I:
treatment or prevention of this disease is monitoring the blood glucose level by insulin doses and hypoglycemic drugs to prevent the symptoms and complications.
a good lifestyle, diet and exercise can help in prevention of this disease.