Obesity is defined as a disease of excessive accumulation of fats in the whole body abnormally,
it’s a result of disturbance between the calories entering the body and the calories digested,
to release energy needed for body movement and biological functions.
In case of excessive intake of calories more than the body needs,
these calories will be stored in the form of fats around different parts of the body.
The diagnosis of obesity:
At the beginning of diagnosis of obesity, doctor will ask the patient to do some examinations,
tests or some calculations as indicators for obesity such as muscle mass, body mass index BMI or other tests:
ask about the pathological history of the patient: the doctor will ask the patient for more information about his weight,
previous trials of weight loss or the diet plans used before.
He will also ask the patient if he tries to do some sports or body activities to minimize his weight.
calculation of body mass index BMI: this equation is considered as an indicator for amounts of fats distributed around the body,
it’s a measure for the body size by getting the result number of body weight divided by the height.
Although this value is just an indicator for body size and doesn’t resemble or distinguish between the muscle mass, fats or bones,
it’s still a mark for obesity diagnosis.
waist-to-hip comparison: it’s an indicator for the fats accumulated in the waist and hips,
and the increase of this value is evidence for overweight or obesity.
clinical or general medical examinations: the doctor will ask the patient to get some medical examinations including the weight,
blood pressure, body temperature or other tests provided by the medical centers or clinics.
blood tests: if the patient is diagnosed with obesity, the doctor will ask the patient to undergo some blood reveals,
such as complete blood count, cholesterol levels or thyroid function tests.
What are the causes of obesity?
There are a lot of causes that may promote obesity for the body apart from the unhealthy food or excessive calories,
they may be other medical conditions such as:
- unhealthy food intake or getting wrong habits
- no sports or physical exercises to decrease body weight or improve blood circulation
- genetic factors about the family history of obesity
- cushing syndrome which is characterized by high levels of cortisol in the body, that the body may gain more weight
- some medical conditions such as hypothyroidism which is the case of lower levels of thyroid hormones that promote obesity
- polycystic ovary syndrome, it’s a condition of imbalance of the female hormones
- disturbance in sleep patterns
The complications of obesity:
obesity is medical condition that can cause a lot of complications for the human body, these complications may be:
- general fatigue all over the body
- inability to move easily
- shortness of breath or sleep apnea
- sleep pattern disorders
- pain in back, lower limb or the skeletal system
- high cholesterol levels
- high blood pressure
- cardiovascular diseases
- gout and arthritis
- other diseases
The treatment of obesity:
The main goal for treatment of obesity disease is getting the ideal weight for the patient,
it promotes the good and healthy lifestyle ensuring the proper movement and healthy biological functions.
The primary care physician or the doctor will ask the patient to follow instructions for healthy eating plans or diet tablets,
to control the amounts of calories taken and digested in a normal and healthy manner inside the body.
Apply a proper diet plan for treatment of obesity:
The patient of obesity can follow healthy eating plans to reduce its body weight,
and get the ideal weight by decreasing 5-10% of the total body weight within 6 months.
The doctor will prescribe the patient good healthy meals daily containing proteins, carbohydrates, fats and fibers.
These meals will provide patients the sufficient calories,
needed for digestion and energy production without any increase of undesired calories entering the body.
according to the scientific calculations,
The body needs 1200-1500 calories per day for females and 1500-1800 calories per day for males.
it’s important for patients to avoid getting meals with high levels of fats or carbohydrates.
Sport practice and physical exercises for treatment of obesity:
The doctor also will advise the patient to practice sport or physical exercises,
to increase fat burning and get rid of the excessive calories taken during the day,
sport also improves the blood circulation and physical fitness of the body.
Using medications for treatment of obesity:
the doctor can prescribe the patient other weight loss medications apart from the diet plans and sports.
a doctor may need to prescribe these medications if the other types of treatment don’t work,
it’s just a complementary treatment to facilitate weight loss.
These medications can either decrease absorption of fats from the intestine or suppress appetite of the patient.
the examples of weight loss medications:
- orlistat which may has side effects such as gases and steatorrhea (greasy or oily stool)
Using surgery for treatment of obesity:
In some advanced cases of obesity which don’t respond to diet plans,
physical exercises or weight loss medications, they need to get surgery to reduce their weight which is called bariatric surgery.
These types of surgery need to observe the type or amounts of foods getting into the body,
after the surgery to prevent complications or side effects for the patients.