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Skin rash and treatment

Have you ever suffered from skin rash before?

Of course you have, it’s the most common symptoms you can suffer from daily.

Skin rash is a very common complaint for everyone,

 it’s a simple medical condition that can be cured topically through applying ointments or creams.

rashes are abnormal changes in appearance, texture and color of skin.

 These rashes result from types of inflammation caused by several reasons.



Causes of skin rash:


skin rash can be caused by different reasons, therefore,

 the diagnosis and determination of the rash causes may facilitate the treatment of it.

Some cases of skin rash last for a while, so in these cases you should consult the doctor about proper treatment.

He can prescribe you ointments, creams, cortisones or antihistamine preparations that can relieve redness or itching.



Types of skin rash:


there are different types of skin rashes caused by several reasons, these types may be as the following:


Contact dermatitis: 

contact dermatitis is caused by direct contact of skin with an allergen such as (irritant, chemical or allergic something),

 and promote the inflammatory reactions which induce histamine release resulting in swelling, redness and itchy skin.



Eczema:

 the most common condition of skin rash, it’s a general term that describes several conditions in which the skin becomes red, itchy and inflamed.

 This type is called Atopic dermatitis or Atopic eczema which may affect infants, children or adults.

 In infants eczema starts before 5 years old, it appears as red, itchy or scaly patches in front of arms and legs.

In case of children or adults the patches appear in the back of neck or in knees and elbow,

 this type of rash has flaky skin or small bumps which may extend to arms.

itchiness increases during night, it mustn’t be scratched because it may get worse leading to dark, thick and scarred skin.


other symptoms can appear in atopic eczema:

  • – dry skin
  • – small pumps may burst excreting fluids
  • – skin cracking with possibility of bleeding and infection
  • – darkening of skin around eye

According to the studies, eczema has a strong relation with asthma or chronic respiratory disorders,

 which are caused by increased levels of histamine.

so staying in places or populations which are characterized by elevated levels of pollution, may induce eczema or chronic skin rash.


The triggers of eczema or the most common types of skin rash:

– fabrics such as wool or fibers
– perfumes, makeup or some skin care products
– pollen grains
– smoking or tobacco smoke
– some detergents or soap
– temperature variations
– dust or vapors
– stress
– some hormones
– some types of food



flea bites:

 usually found in the legs or feet, characterized by small red bumps and surrounded by differential red margins.


diaper rash:

 this type happens in infants which wear diapers for a long time, they exhibit red, wet

 and irritated skin on the contact skin with the diaper.


pityriasis rosea:

 it’s a common condition of skin rash, this type shows large pink patches on the chest or back.

These patches rapidly exhibit other patches connected to others, then begin to get more red,

 itchy and inflamed patches or rash.

This type may be caused by virus or other reasons, as the patches aren’t contagious.

These patches can vary in size and numbers from patient to another.



Diagnosis of skin rash:


diagnosis is mainly based on family history and the doctor will ask you about your medical history for further diagnosis.

He will ask you to apply the skin allergy test which is defined as a patch containing a lot of allergens on it.

The doctor will ask the patient to wear these patches for two days and observe whether,

 there is any inflammation or skin rashes.



Treatment of skin rash:


According to the difference of causes that induce rashes,

 the treatment plan will be reported to cure the reason or the trigger.

but in most cases, the treatment will be topical for reducing the symptoms or inflammation of the rash.

the doctor will prescribe medications for the symptoms,

 including creams and ointments for reducing flares and irritation, such as:

  • antihistaminic drugs to reduce histamine and inflammation reactions that make the skin red and itchy.
  • antibiotics to prevent bacterial infection.
  • light therapy.
  • other types of skin creams.
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